Interwiki links are a short-hand notation for links that target external wikis or websites. For example, the following two hyperlinks mean the same thing (assuming an appropriate intermap configuration):
Another example: The Fossil Forum is hosted in a separate repository from the Fossil source code. This page is part of the source code repository. Interwiki links can be used to more easily refer to the forum repository:
Interwiki links are easier to write. There is less typing, and fewer opportunities to make mistakes.
Interwiki links are easier to read. With well-chosen intermap tags, the links are easier to understand.
Interwiki links continue to work after a domain change on the target. If the target of a link moves to a different domain, an interwiki link will continue to work, if the intermap is adjusted, but a hard-coded link will be permanently broken.
Interwiki links allow clones to use a different target domain from the original repository.
The Tag must consist of ASCII alphanumeric characters only - no punctuation or whitespace or characters greater than U+007A. The PageName is the link notation on the target wiki. Three different classes of PageNames are recognized by Fossil:
Path Links → the PageName begins with the "/" character or is an empty string.
Hash Links → the PageName is a hexadecimal number with at least four digits.
Wiki Links → An PageName that is not a Path or Hash.
The Intermap defines a base URL for each Tag. Path links are appended directly to the URL contained in the Intermap. The Intermap can define additional text to put in between the base URL and the PageName for Hash and Wiki links, respectively.
Each intermap entry stores, at a minimum, the base URL for the remote wiki. The intermap entry might also store additional path text that is used for Hash and Wiki links. If only the base URL is provided, then the intermap will only allow Path style interwiki links. The Hash and Wiki style interwiki links are only allowed if the necessary extensions for provided in the intermap.
Configuration is required. The intermap must be set up correctly before interwiki links will work. This contrasts with ordinary links that just work without any configuration. Cloning a repository copies the intermap, but normal syncs to not keep the intermap in sync. Use the "fossil config pull interwiki" command to synchronize the intermap.
The is no backlink tracking. For ordinary intrawiki links, Fossil keeps track of both the source and target, and when displaying targets it commonly shows links to that target. For example, if you mention a check-in as part of a comment of another check-in, that new check-in shows up in the "References" section of the target check-in. (example. In other words, Fossil tracks not just "source→target", but it also tracks "target→source". But backtracking do not work for interwiki links, since the Fossil running on the target has no way of scanning the source text and hence has no way of knowing that it is a target of a link from the source.
The intermap is stored in the CONFIG table of the repository database, in entries with names of the form "interwiki:Tag". The value for each such entry is a JSON string that defines the base URL and extensions for Hash and Wiki links.